Economic development programmes involving women are usually focused on improving women’s skills and opportunities to gain employment and earn an income. Ideally, they also focus on supporting increased access to leadership roles for women. They are intended both as a means for contributing to gender justice, as well as to directly address women’s economic struggles. In these endeavours, it is important to consider gender-based violence, and the role it can play as a barrier to women’s economic participation, and also, as a possible ‘backlash’ against women’s economic empowerment, often due to resistance to shifting roles and norms within markets, communities and households.

The downloadable toolkit from Oxfam’s Latin America and the Caribbean office introduces Violence Against Women (VAW) as it relates to women’s economic leadership initiatives. It aims to assist development practitioners in understanding the link between these concepts when designing and implementing economic empowerment programming.

It also presents practical tools to help practitioners assess the risks of VAW within the scope of their programmes, and offers concrete ways to reduce and mitigate risks of VAW.

Average time investment for using this tool

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Who leads

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Who needs to be involved

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Activity 1: Violence Against Women tool

This book, the third in the series, introduces the 'Violence Against Women' (VAW) agenda and concepts and shows how to integrate them into an economic empowerment progamme. It also provides a toolkit to help practitioners assess the risks of VAW within their programmes and offers strategies to reduce and mitigate these risks. It builds on work done by Oxfam GB and Value for Women on the delivery of market-based livelihood programmes with a focus on gender justice.

Step 1: Download the document below